Software-defined Multiband Array Passive Radar

The objective of the project is to design and realize a multiband passive radar demonstrator based on software-defined solutions and oriented to coastal surveillance applications.
In order to propose an innovative solution, the SMARP demonstrator architecture is going to present advances especially in:
  • Multiband receiving array antenna (UHF and S band) with dual polarization reception;
  • Software-defined multiband flexible receiver based on commercially available solutions;
  • Digital array processing techniques and advanced radar signal processing algorithms implemented on COTS (Commercial Of The Shelf) processing architectures (multicore CPUs
    and GPUs);


The exploitation of digital illuminators of opportunity is a prerogative of this project; specifically, the DVB-T (digital terrestrial television), the UMTS (3G mobile system) and the DVB-SH (digital satellite broadcasting for handheld devices) signals emerged from comparative study due to their good radar range resolution, EIRP values and wide availability.

The SMARP demonstrator has been extensively tested at CSSN-ITE “Istituto Vallauri” in Livorno exploiting cooperative and non-cooperative vessels.

Italian Ministry of Defence (MoD)
July 2011 – December 2016




Capria, A. Saverino, A. L. Giusti, E. Martorella, M.

SDR-based passive radar technology Book

2023, (SMARP).

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Capria, A. Conti, M. Moscardini, C. Berizzi, F.

Software-defined Multiband Array Passive Radar (SMARP) project: An overview Proceedings Article

In: 2017 18th International Radar Symposium (IRS), pp. 1-9, 2017, (SMARP).

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Capria, A. Giusti, E. Moscardini, C. Conti, M. Petri, D. Martorella, M. Berizzi, F.

Multifunction imaging passive radar for harbour protection and navigation safety Journal Article

In: IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, vol. 32, no 2, pp. 30-38, 2017, ISSN: 0885-8985, (SMARP).

Links | Tag: Marine safety;Navigation;Passive radar;Radar imaging;Radar tracking;Receiving antennas;Surveillance

Berizzi, F. Capria, A. Moscardini, C. Conti, M.

SMARP system for Hrabour Security and Navigation Safety: Trials results Proceedings Article

In: 9th NATO Military Sensing Symposium, 2017, (SMARP).


Capria, A. Moscardini, C. Conti, M.

Passive Bistatic Radar for Maritime Surveillance: Perfomance Assessment Proceedings Article

In: 6rd PCL focus days, 2017, (SMARP).



Conti, M. Moscardini, C. Capria, A.

Dual-polarization DVB-T passive radar: Experimental results Proceedings Article

In: 2016 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf), pp. 1-5, 2016, (SMARP).

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Moscardini, C. Petri, D. Capria, A. Conti, M. Martorella, M. Berizzi, F.

Batches algorithm for passive radar: a theoretical analysis Journal Article

In: Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 51, no 2, pp. 1475-1487, 2015, ISSN: 0018-9251, (SMARP).

Links | Tag: passive radar;radar detection;batch algorithm;passive bistatic radar;passive coherent location;radar community;radar detection algorithm;signal processing;Algorithm design and analysis;Doppler effect;Noise;Passive radar;Signal processing algorithms;Surveillance

Capria, A. Petri D. Moscardini C. Conti M. Forti A. C. Massini R. Cerretelli M. Ledda S. Tesi V. Dalle Mese E. Gentili G. B. Berizzi F. Martorella M. Soleti R. Martini T. Manco A.

Software-defined Multiband Array Passive Radar (SMARP) demonstrator: A test and evaluation perspective Conference

Proceedings of the 2015 OCEANS conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Piscataway, NJ, 2015, (SMARP).

Links | Tag: array; insert; multiband; passive radar; software-defined

Capria, Dario Petri Christian Moscardini Michele Conti Alessandro Cantelli Forti Riccardo Massini Matteo Cerretelli Simone Ledda Vasco Tesi Enzo Dalle Mese Guido Biffi Gentili Fabrizio Berizzi Marco Martorella Rocco Soleti Amerigo

Software-defined multiband array passive radar (SMARP) demonstrator Proceedings Article

In: Proceedings of the 5th PCL Focus Days 2015, 2015, (SMARP).



Conti, M. Moscardini C. Capria A. Soleti R.

Estimation of passive bistatic radar detection probability: Experimental results Conference

2014, (SMARP).

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Petri, D. Moscardini C. Conti M. Capria A. Palmer J. E. Searle S. J.

The effects of DVB-T SFN data on passive radar signal processing Conference

2013, (SMARP).

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Petri, D. Moscardini C. Martorella M. Conti M. Capria A. Berizzi F.

Performance analysis of the batches algorithm for Range-Doppler map formation in passive bistatic radar Conference

vol. 2012, no 603 CP, 2012, (SMARP).

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O'Hagan, D. W. Capria A. Petri D. Kubica V. Greco M. Berizzi F. Stove A. G.

Passive Bistatic Radar (PBR) for harbour protection applications Conference

2012, (SMARP).

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L, Corucci Petri D. Berizzi F. Martorella M. Capria A.

An integrated space-based passive system for maritime operational traffic surveillance Conference

Satellite Telecommunications (ESTEL), 2012 IEEE First AESS European Conference on, 2012, (SMARP).

Abstract | Links | Tag:

Conti, M. Berizzi, F. Martorella, M. Mese, E. Dalle Petri, D. Capria, A.

High range resolution multichannel DVB-T passive radar Journal Article

In: IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, vol. 27, no 10, pp. 37 – 42, 2012, (SMARP).

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Petri, D. Capria, A. Conti, M. Berizzi, F. Martorella, M. Mese, E. Dalle

High range resolution multichannel DVB-T passive radar: Aerial target detection Conference

2011, (SMARP).

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Ship Detection with DVB-T Software Defined Passive Radar Conference

Proceedings of 2010 IEEE GOLD Remote Sensing Conference, 2010, (SMARP).


Berizzi, F. Martorella, M. Petri, D. Conti, M. Capria, A.

USRP technology for multiband passive radar Conference

2010, (SMARP).

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